A conjugate acid, within the Brønsted–Lowry acid–base theory, is a species formed by the reception of a proton (H) by a base—in other words, it is a base with a.

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On the other hand, ammonia is the conjugate base for the acid ammonium after ammonium has donated a hydrogen ion towards the production of the water molecule. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. CH 3 NH 2 Methylamine. The strength of a conjugate acid is directly proportional to its dissociation constant.

The before is the reactant side of the equation, the after is the product side of the equation. In a buffer, a weak acid and its conjugate base in the form of a saltor a weak base and its conjugate acid, are used in order to limit the pH change during a titration process. H 2 O Water. C 2 H 5 NH 2 Ethylamine. Similarly, if an acid is weak, its conjugate base will be strong.

Conjugates are formed when an acid loses a hydrogen proton or a base gains a hydrogen proton. Retrieved from ” https: Refer to ,owry following figure:. Buffers have both organic and non-organic chemical applications. We say that the water molecule is the conjugate acid of the hydroxide ion after the latter received the hydrogen proton donated by ammonium.

H 2 CO 3 Carbonic acid.

In this case, the reactants are the acids and bases, and the acid corresponds to the conjugate base on the product side of the chemical equation; as does the base to the conjugate acid on the product side of the equation. This page was last edited on 30 Julyat To identify the conjugate acid, look for the pair of compounds that are related.


Conjugate acid

For example, besides buffers being used in lab processes, our blood acts as a buffer to maintain pH. C 6 H 5 NH 2 Aniline.

Views Read Edit View history. C 6 H 6 CO 2 Benzoic acid. Similarly, base strength decreases and conjugate acid strength increases down the table. H 2 SO 4 Sulfuric acid. On the other hand, a conjugate base is what is left over after an acid has donated a proton during a chemical reaction.

This functions as such:.

Conjugate acid – Wikipedia

The acid—base reaction can be viewed in a before and after sense. Hence, a conjugate base is a species formed by the removal of a proton from an acid. Acetic acid, along with many other weak acids, serve as useful components of buffers in different lab settings, each useful within their own pH range.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. A second common application with an organic compound would be the production of a buffer with acetic acid.

These fluids are commonly isotonic in relation to human blood and are commonly used for spiking up the fluid level in a system after severe blood loss due to trauma, surgery, or burn injury. Acid strength decreases and conjugate base strength increases down the table. H 3 PO 4 Phosphoric acid. In contrast, here is a table of bases and their conjugate acids. Therefore, weak acids will have weak conjugate bases, unlike the misconception that they have strong conjugate bases. Based on this information, it is clear that the terms “Acid”, “Base”, “conjugate acid”, and “conjugate base” are not fixed for a certain chemical species; but are interchangeable according to the reaction taking place.

H 2 O Water neutral, pH 7. The acid and conjugate base as well as the base and conjugate acid are known as conjugate pairs. The conjugate base in the after side of the equation lost a hydrogen ion, so in the before side of the equation, the compound that has one more hydrogen ion of the conjugate base is the acid.


The strength of a conjugate base can be seen as the tendency of the species to “pull” hydrogen protons towards itself. One use of conjugate acids and bases lies in buffering systems, which include a buffer solution.

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H 2 S Hydrosulfuric acid. In an acid-base reactionan acid plus a base reacts to form a conjugate base plus a conjugate acid:. Lactic acid has the formula C 3 H 6 O 6 and its conjugate base is used in intravenous fluids that consist of sodium and potassium cations along with lactate and chloride anions in solution with distilled water. If a conjugate base is classified as strong, it will “hold on” to the hydrogen proton when in solution and its acid will not dissociate.

A cation can be a conjugate acid, and an anion can be a conjugate base, depending on which substance is involved and which acid—base theory is the viewpoint.

When finding a conjugate acid or base, it is important to asxm at the reactants of the chemical equation. The most important buffer in our bloodstream is the carbonic acid-bicarbonate bufferwhich prevents drastic pH changes when CO 2 is introduced. The simplest anion which can be a conjugate base is the solvated electron whose conjugate acid is the atomic hydrogen.