Azab dan Sengsara was written by Merari Siregar to “show the traditions and . Karya Merari Siregar” [Batak Angkola Local Colour in the Novel “Azab dan. Azab Dan Sengsara Karya Merari Siregar. 5 likes. Book. ANALISIS NILAI-NILAI RELIGI DALAM NOVEL AZAB DAN SENGSARA KARYA MERARI SIREGAR TAHUN PELAJARAN / Hazmi.

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It tells the story of two lovers, Amiruddin and Mariamin, who are unable to marry and eventually become miserable.

It is generally considered the first modern Indonesian novel. Azab dan Sengsara was merai by Merari Siregar to “show the traditions and habits which are less than desirable amongst [Batak] people, especially the men. Amiruddin, dengsara son of a village leader in Sipirokfalls in love with his cousin Mariamin, the daughter of a formerly-rich family. Having been friends since childhood, Amiruddin and Mariamin promise to get engaged once Amiruddin has a job.

In order to find a job, Amiruddin goes to Medan ; upon finding a job, he sends a letter to his parents, Mariamin, and Mariamin’s parents declaring that he wishes to marry sregar. Although Mariamin is thrilled and both mothers agree, Amiruddin’s father Baginda Diatas disagrees with the proposal; Baginda Diatas wishes for his son to marry a woman from an equally rich and sengsaga family. After taking his wife to a dukun who, as previously arranged, says that Amiruddin will be met with disaster if he marries MariaminBaginda Diatas convinces her that Amiruddin should not marry Mariamin.

They instead choose another, wealthier, girl from the Siregar marga to be Amiruddin’s wife. Baginda Diatas escorts her to Medan to marry Amiruddin, much to Amiruddin’s disappointment. Pressured by adatAmiruddin marries her and tells Mariamin that he cannot be with her; Mariamin is heartbroken. After being brought to Medan, Mariamin discovers that Kasibun has a sexually ean disease and attempts to avoid his advances; her attempts are met by torture at Kasibun’s hands.

The torture becomes worse after Amiruddin visits one day, causing Larya to become jealous. Taking advice from Amiruddin, Mariamin reports Kasibun to the police and receives permission to divorce him. Returning to Sipirok, Mariamin dies alone. During the course of the novel, statements are made directly to the reader, giving advice and indicating traditions considered undesirable. These inserts are generally unrelated to the plot. It also includes many szab of traditional poetry, using the forms pantun and syair.

Azab dan Sengsara discusses forced marriage and its relation to a family’s public image.

This was not a new theme for novels published in Indonesia; previously published novels in non-formal Malay and Sundanese had similar themes. Azab dan Sengsara includes individualistic characters, unwilling to comply xzab with Batak traditions or depend on their fellow Batak.

Batak culture heavily influenced Azab dan Sengsara. The relationship between Amiruddin and his matrilineal cousin Mariamin is acceptable in Batak culture, as it does not violate the restriction on marrying people from the same marga. Baginda Diatas’ reluctance to accept a lower-class wife for his son also reflected Batak tradition, as did Amiruddin’s acceptance of his father’s decision. Other cultural influences include martandang ,aryabelief in the powers of the dukunand patrilineal inheritance.

Azab dan Sengsara has been widely described as the first modern Indonesian novel by Indonesian textbooks. Teeuw and writer A. Johns, consider Sitti Nurbaya to be the first true Indonesian novel.

Balfas notes that Azab dan Sengsara lacks conflict. Inthe Jakarta Globe reported that Azab dan Sengsara was one of “eight works of excellent literary standing Indonesia — Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a unitary sovereign state and transcontinental country located mainly in Southeast Asia with some territories in Oceania.

Situated between the Indian and Pacific oceans, it is the worlds largest island country, with more than seventeen thousand islands. At 1, square kilometres, Indonesia is the worlds 14th-largest country in terms of area and worlds 7th-largest country in terms of combined sea.

It has an population of over million people and is the worlds fourth most populous country.

Warna Lokal Batak Angkola Dalam Novel “Azab Dan Sengsara” Karya Merari Siregar

The worlds most populous island, Java, contains more than half of the countrys population, Indonesias republican form of government includes an elected legislature and president. Indonesia has 34 provinces, of which five have Special Administrative status and its capital and countrys most populous city is Jakarta, which is also the most populous city in Southeast Asia and the second in Asia.


Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support the second highest level of biodiversity. The country has abundant natural resources like oil and natural gas, tin, copper, agriculture mainly produces rice, palm oil, tea, coffee, cacao, medicinal plants, spices and rubber.


Indonesias major trading partners are Japan, United States, Merri, the Indonesian archipelago has been an important region for trade since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya sengsar then later Majapahit traded with China and India. Local rulers gradually absorbed foreign cultural, religious and political models from the early centuries CE, Indonesian history has been influenced sirear foreign powers merarl to its natural resources.

Indonesia consists of hundreds of native ethnic and linguistic groups. The largest — and politically dominant — ethnic group are the Javanese, a shared identity has developed, defined by a national language, ethnic diversity, religious pluralism within a Muslim-majority population, and a history of szab and rebellion against it.

Indonesias national motto, Bhinneka Tunggal Ika, articulates the diversity that shapes the country, Indonesias economy is the worlds 16th largest by nominal GDP and the 8th largest by GDP at PPP, karay largest in Southeast Asia, and is considered an emerging market and newly industrialised country.

Indonesia has been a member of the United Nations sinceIndonesia is a member of the G20 major economies and World Trade Organization. InGeorge Windsor Earl, an English ethnologist, proposed sengeara terms Indunesians—and, his preference, in the same publication, one of his students, James Richardson Logan, used Indonesia as a synonym for Indian Archipelago.

Medan — Medan is the capital of North Sumatra province in Indonesia. Located along the northeastern coast of Sumatra Island, Medan is the third biggest city in Indonesia, behind Jakarta, with 2, inhabitants at the census, Medan remains the largest settlement outside of Java Island. Bordered by the Strait of Malacca, Medan is a trading city as the strait is one of the most important shipping lanes in the world.

Medan is the gateway to the part of Indonesia, accessible via the Port of Belawan. Both the seaport and the airport are connected to the city center via toll road, Medan became the first city in Indonesia to have an airport supported with train service. The city was founded by Guru Patimpus, a Karonese man who named a swampy land in confluence of Deli River, sengsafasifegar Deli Sultanate was established by Tuanku Gocah Pahlawan, who became its first king.

Jacob Nienhuys, a Dutch tobacco merchant, pioneered the opening of jarya in Deli Land. The areas name changed to Medan-Deli when it was established by Dutch tobacco commerce after the formation of the Deli Company. The Deli Railway was established for shipping rubber, tea, timber, palm oil, and sugar industries from the city to Belawan, following the establishment of the Republic of Indonesia, Medan became the capital of North Sumatra in mid Medan was dubbed by the Dutch Parijs van Sumatra due to the resemblance to Paris.


Residential property prices in Medan have also trended upward over the period from to the first quarter ofaccording to Bank Indonesia. One of the Karo-Indonesia dictionaries written by Darwin Prinst SH published in stated that Medan could also be defined as recover or be better, in ancient siergar the city of Medan was known as Kampung Medan.

It was a piece of land with an area of approximately ha.

Some of the crossing the city of Medan drain into the Straits of Malacca. Divorce — Divorce should not be confused with annulment, which declares the marriage null and void, with legal separation or de jure separation or with de facto separation. Reasons for divorce vary, from sexual incompatibility or lack of independence for one or both spouses to a personality clash, the only countries that do not allow divorce are the Philippines, the Vatican City and the British Crown Dependency of Sark.

The Vatican City is a state, which has no procedure for divorce. Countries that have relatively recently legalized divorce are Italy, Portugal, Brazil, Spain, Argentina, Paraguay, Colombia, Andorra, Ireland, Chile, grounds for divorce vary widely from country to country. Marriage sirefar be seen as a contract, a status, or a combination of these, where it is seen as a contract, the refusal or inability of one spouse to perform the obligations stipulated in the contract may constitute a ground for divorce for the other spouse.

In contrast, in countries, divorce is purely no fault. Many jurisdictions offer both the option of a no fault divorce as well as an at fault divorce and this is the case, for example, in many US states. Though divorce laws vary between jurisdictions, there are two approaches to divorce, fault based and no-fault based.

In some jurisdictions one spouse may be forced to pay the fees of another spouse. Laws vary as to the period before a divorce is effective. However, issues of division of property are determined by the law of the jurisdiction in which the property is located.


In Europe, divorce laws differ from country to country, reflecting differing legal and cultural traditions, in some countries, particularly in some former communist countries, divorce can be obtained only on one single sensgara ground of irretrievable breakdown of the marriage.

Yet, what such a breakdown of the marriage is interpreted very differently from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. Separation constitutes a ground of divorce in some European countries. Divorce laws are not static, they often change reflecting evolving social norms of societies, some countries have completely marya their divorce laws, such as Spain inand Portugal in A new divorce law also came into force in September in Belgium, bulgaria also modified its divorce regulations in The negotiations with the participation of an advocate or agreement made before the registrar of Public Registry Office, Senbsara, instead, is a European country where the divorce law still remains conservative.

The liberalization of laws is not without opposition, particularly in the United States. Individualism — Individualism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the moral worth of the individual. Individualism is often defined in contrast to totalitarianism, collectivism, authoritarianism, communitarianism, Individualism makes the individual its focus and so starts with the fundamental premise that the human individual is of primary importance in the struggle for liberation.

Classical liberalism, existentialism, and anarchism are examples of movements that take the individual as a central unit of analysis. Individualism thus involves the right of the individual to freedom and self-realization and it has also been used as oarya term denoting The quality of being an individual, individuality related to possessing An individual characteristic, a quirk.

A more positive use of the term in Britain came to be used with the writings of James Elishama Smith, who was a millenarian and a Christian Israelite. Although an early Owenite socialist, he rejected its collective idea of property. Without individualism, Smith argued, individuals cannot amass property to increase ones happiness, an individual is a person or any specific object sengsarra a collection.

From the 17th century on, individual indicates separateness, as in individualism, individuality is the state or quality of being an individual, a person separate from other persons and possessing his or her own needs, goals, and desires. The individualist does not follow one particular philosophy, rather creates an amalgamation of elements of many, on a societal san, the individualist participates on a personally structured political and moral ground.

Independent thinking and opinion is a trait of an individualist. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, claims that his concept of general will in the contract is not the simple collection of individual wills. Societies and groups can differ in the extent to which they are based upon predominantly self-regarding behaviors, the principle of individuation, or principium individuationis, describes the manner in which a thing is identified as distinguished from other things.

For Carl Jung, individuation is a process of transformation, whereby the personal and it is a completely natural process necessary for the integration of the sirgear to take place. Jung considered individuation to be the process of human development.

Azab dan Sengsara – WikiVisually

Thus, the atom is replaced by a never-ending ontological process of individuation. Individuation is an incomplete process, always leaving a pre-individual left-over. The philosophy of Bernard Stiegler draws upon and modifies the work of Gilbert Simondon on individuation and also upon similar ideas in Friedrich Nietzsche, for Stiegler the I, as a psychic individual, can only be thought in relationship to we, which is a collective individual.

The I is constituted in adopting a collective tradition, which it inherits, methodological individualism is the view that phenomena can only be understood by examining how they result from the motivations and actions of individual agents. Batak — Batak is a collective term used to identify a number of ethnic groups predominantly found in North Sumatra, Indonesia.

The term is used to include the Karo, Pakpak, Simalungun, Toba, Angkola, while the archaeology of southern Sumatra testifies to the existence of neolithic settlers, it seems that the northern part of Sumatra was settled by agriculturalists at a considerably later stage.

Reliable historical records of the Batak before are virtually non-existent, the Batak may be mentioned in Zhao Ruguas 13th-century Description of the Barbarous People, which refers to a Ba-ta dependency of Srivijaya. The Suma Oriental, of the 15th century, also refers to the kingdom of Bata, bounded by Pasai and it has been suggested that the important port of Barus in Tapanuli was populated primarily by Batak people.