Yerlikaya, İlhan, Basiret Gazetesi [The Newspaper Basiret] (Van, ), pp. , [in Turkish]. 5. ‛Osmalılık sıfatı’ [Ottoman Traits], Basiret , 12 Rebiyülahir. Basiret gazetesi ve Pancermenizm, Panislamizm, Panslavizm, Osmanlıcılık fikirleri. Front Cover. İlhan Yerlikaya. Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi, Fen-Edebiyat. Yıldız şeytanı: Yıldız şeytanının icraat-ı melunesi. Front Cover. Ali (Basiret gazetesi sahibi.) publisher not identified, – Turkey – 13 pages.

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In the beginning, the outcome of the war seemed almost impossible to predict.

Basiret gazetesi pdf

Promoting the usage of newspapers provided a steady flow of ideas, and a bottom-up national demand for rejuvenation. Bilateral affairs between the two empires, which gradually deteriorated in the course ofbecame a stalemate inwhen Russia unilaterally annulled the provisions of the Paris Treaty regarding the closure all naval bases on the Black Sea.

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The power of public opinion in shaping political decisions in Europe soon became a much-debated topic in Golos.

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My primary purpose is to shed light on the Turkish popular press, which weighed in on the issues of nationalism, defeat and political campaigning just as its Russian counterparts did. Indeed, when the Russians finally stormed Plevna in latethe number of casualties reached almost 40, soldiers. During the heated debates of July over the widespread pro-Turkish senti- ments in Europe, Gradovskii wrote that the Turks very well knew that their handling of the Serbian crisis in and use of excessive force in curbing the resistance violated the common norms and rules of war.


It baeiret only when the number of Russian casualties drastically increased, following several failed attempts to storm Plevna, that Golos realized the importance of war-correspondence.

The Ottoman awareness of an imminent collapse — for the first time in its history — was debated and circu- lated through the Ottoman press. Golos began publishing regular columns on the situation at the Eastern Front, focusing on the exasperation of the living conditions in the Armenian regions of Eastern Anatolia.

Hence, at the basieet of the war there had been in the Ottoman empire a relative freedom of the press since most newspapers contributed to the national cause by propagating the image of Russians as marauding Christian fanatics.

Phoenix,— In his letter to the editor of Golos, dated 20 Julyhe wrote: There are striking similarities between the editorial policies of Golos and Basiret.

They come from all levels of Muslim society, fleeing from our troops.

When changing English motives, for instance, made it difficult to foretell the possible outcomes of the approaching Congress in Berlin, newspapers became the only way bqsiret feel the pulse of the adversary.

It was the western front which had thus far drawn most of the attention.

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gazegesi Accordingly, Basiret allotted gaaetesi substantial amount of space for spot- lights from the English press, reflecting on the possible scenarios that would emerge after the Congress of Berlin. Until the Russo-Japanese War ofsuccessive governments sought to cope with a diverse public sphere continuously making demands for reform.


On 2 Augustfor instance, Golos published a letter written by a war correspondent of the Times, who revealed his observations on the latest developments at gzzetesi front. Abdlha mit dnemlerinde yaam bir gaze teci. Wartime Propaganda and the Legacies of Defeat: Through reading the daily news or attending coffee-house debates and Friday prayers, all segments of the Ottoman urban society — from shopkeepers and servants to middle class bureaucrats — became familiar with national concepts such as love of the fatherland, wars and defeats, as well as public rights.

Click here to sign up. Due to its geopolitical location, the tiny Bulgarian town of Gazeresi became front-page news in most European cities. On the one hand, public opinion gradually turned against the blind Westernization policies of the successive administrations.

Help Center Find new research papers in: While the Russians managed to build up an army that barely outnumbered the Ottoman forces in the Balkans, the Ottomans had the advantage of strong fortifications and a superior navy on the Black Sea. Perhaps the most disappoint- ing modification was the partitioning of Greater Bulgaria among Montenegro, Serbia and Romania, dissolving the Russian plans for a Slavophile Balkan ally.

Although 8 Golos, 1 Januaryno. Yet, our leaders seem to have a consensus on staying calm and not addressing any of these accusations.

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Alekseev, Ocherki po istorii Russkoi zhurnalistiki i kritiki, 2 vols. The belated Russian victory, however, was almost immediately contained by the European Powers in Berlin. Basiret gazetesi pdf Nevertheless, there was something more to the War of —, making it particularly different than the previous battles for both belligerent parties.