microprocessor architecture divided in The BIU has to interact with memory and of the programs and to carry out the required processing. EU & BIU. Explanation of the purpose of EU and BIU in Bus Interface Unit (BIU): The BIU interface to outside word. It provides full 16 bit. Define the jobs performed by the BIU and EU in the The functions performed by the Bus interface unit are: The BIU is responsible for the external bus.

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BP contains offset address and is utilized in based addressing mode. IP contains the address of the next instruction to executed by the EU. Register IP could be considered in the previous group, but this register has only one function -to point to the next instruction to be fetched to the BIU. What are the functions of flag registers in microprocessor? What are the temporary registers of the microprocessor? So that the EU gets the instructions for execution in the order they are fetched.

To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors. The main function of this order is to produce 20 bit physical address.


Architechture of

The BIU also has four 16 bit segments registers namely:. By default, the processor assumes that the DI register references the ES segment in string manipulation instructions.

Execution Unit This im executes the instruction. At the start of execution every storage is either allocat What are the characteristics of computer? The first occurs when an instruction requires access to a memory location not in the queue. Source Index SI is a bit register. D4 — D7then this flag is set, i. These opcodes along with data are fetched and arranged in the queue.

SI register is also used for holding a offset of a data word in Data segment. An address within a segment is called an offset or logical address. As mentioned, the reads 16 bits from memory by simultaneously reading an odd-addressed byte and an even-addressed byte.

These all 4 segment registers holds the addresses of instructions and data in memory. The microprocessor does not perform the next fetched operation till at least two bytes of the instruction queue are emptied. The pointer and index group are all bit registers you cannot access the low or high bytes alone.

Simple Subprogram Call Return: Another way if saying this is that the low-order hex digit must be 0. Mcroprocessor register is an address register.


The only difference between an microprocessor and an microprocessor is the BIU. It does so by appending the 16bit address in segment register by 0H and then adding the offset address.

Microprocessor – 8086 Functional Units

DI is used for indexed, based indexed and register indirect addressing, as microprocesspr as a destination data addresses in string manipulation instructions. Such programs are said to be relocatablemeaning that they will run at any location in memory. And the instruction has an offset of 01HH.

Thus, all instructions of the program are relative contents of IP. It is used for translating the instructions fetched from memory into a series of actions.

Education for ALL: Functional Block Diagram of Microprocessor

There are 8 general purpose registers, i. The stack segment is used to store interrupt and subroutine return addresses. A decoder in the EU translates the instructions fetched from memory into a series of actions which the EU performs.