Рис. spirale f d ́Ekman s espiral f de Ekman g Ekman-Spirale f El Niño; southern oscillation The abnormal warming of ocean water off the west coast of. Vagn Walfrid Ekman Category:Ekman spiral cawiki Espiral d’Ekman; dewiki Korkenzieherströmung; enwiki Ekman spiral; eswiki Espiral de Ekman; etwiki. elbow EHT~; – rectffier u TV válvula rectificadora de MAT/; – supply n rv spiral n OCEAN espiral de Ekman m elaeolite n MINERAL eleolita / nefelma.

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The water turns to the left instead of right in the Southern Hemisphere. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ekman spiral.

Articles with short description. If this file has problems with attributioncopyrightor is otherwise ineligible for Commons, then remove this tag and DO NOT transfer it; repeat violators may be blocked from editing. Wind-induced water movements in a Benguela kelp bed.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The Ekman spiral is a structure of currents or winds eespiral a horizontal boundary in which the flow direction rotates as one moves away from the boundary. But he did have lots of time to make observations of the environment.

Moving files to Commons for details. On the influence of the Earth’s rotation on ocean currents. The force from above is in red beginning with the wind blowing over the water surfacethe Coriolis force which is shown at right angles to the force from above when it should in fact be at right angles to the actual water flow is in dark yellow, and the net resultant water movement is in pink, which then becomes the force from above for the layer below it, accounting for the gradual clockwise spiral motion as you move down.


If this media file is useful, then it should be transferred to the Wikimedia Commons. The speed and direction of the moving water changes with depth. One of his observations esplral that the ice was not moving in the same direction as the wind.

Ocean water at the surface moves ekmwn an angle to the wind, and the water under the surface water turns a bit more, and the water below that turns even more.

Ekman spiral – Wikipedia

Walfrid Ekman who first described the spiral in Archived eapiral the original on Because the Earth rotates, surface water moves to the right of the wind direction in the Northern Hemisphere and to the left of the wind direction in the Southern Hemisphere due to the Coriolis effect.

The example shown above is for the Northern Hemisphere.

All free media Wikipedia orphaned files Files with no machine-readable description Files with no machine-readable author Files with no machine-readable source. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Eknan file is a candidate to be copied to Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved from ” https: This surface current drags on the water layer below it, applying a force in its own direction of motion to ekma layer, repeating the process whereby that layer ekkman becomes a steady current even further to the right of the wind, and so on for deeper layers of water, resulting in a continuous rotation or spiraling of current direction with changing depth.

The classic Ekman spiral has been observed under sea ice, [3] but observations remain rare in open-ocean conditions.


Camada de Ekman

The net effect of the rotating water B is movement at right angle to the wind direction. Skip to main content.

This page was last edited on 4 Decemberat File mover What files should be renamed? This average is Ekman transport.

As wind blows across the ocean, it moves water because of friction at the ocean surface. This makes a spiral of moving water to meters fkman ft deep called an Ekman spiral.

A structure of currents or winds near a horizontal boundary in which the flow direction rotates as fkman moves away from the boundary. Journal of Physical Oceanography.

Ekman spiral – Wikidata

This file was suggested for transfer by a bot User: Views Read Edit View history. Surface winds in the Northern Hemisphere tend to blow to the left of winds aloft.

Retrieved from ” https: Please verify that this file is suitable for Commons before transferring it. It derives its name from the Swedish oceanographer Vagn Walfrid Ekman. This page was last edited on 25 Augustat Journal of Geophysical Research. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

The first documented observations of an oceanic Ekman spiral were made in the Arctic Ocean from a drifting ice floe in He thought that trapped in eman ice, which moves with ocean currents, he would get to the North Pole eventually.