Hatshepsut’s Expedition to Punt: Its Purpose and Commemoration. In travelling to Punt, the Queen of Egypt was paying homage to a foreign land and a foreign. Hatshepsut, meaning Foremost of Noble Ladies, was the fifth pharaoh of the . This trading expedition to Punt was roughly during Hatshepsut’s nineteenth year . The walls of the great temple in Karnak depicted the story of an expedition of impressive ships to the mysterious land known as Punt.

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The bas-relief and the upper part of the inscription are still in fair preservation, but the lower part of the text is unfortunately much mutilated. Thus, although it is distinctly stated that the ships returned to Thebes and there disembarked their cargo at the close of the expedition, the inscription which should inform us as to the point of their wxpedition is lost.

University of California Press. Retrieved from ” https: Velikovsky goes on to quote another part of the Deir el-Bahri inscriptions which states: For my own part, I have ti the slightest doubt that Queen Hatasu was the scientific ancestress of M. From this point, the sculptured tableaux form a continuous scene, those in the lower register being almost perfect, whereas those in the upper register are unfortunately so much broken away that in many places there remain only the feet of the figures and the water lines of the river.

In this scene, Egyptian soldiers bear tree branches and axes.

There were animals, food, precious stones, and other treasures. Of the five trees here represented, two are conventional renderings of the date-palm. We know that in his first year Thutmose III conquered all of Palestine as far as the southern borders hatdhepsut Lebanon, and all of Nubia as far probably as the Third Cataract close to Napata. Some allowance must, perforce, be made for the conventionalities of Egyptian art. The conditions met during journeys at sea would impose stresses on the hulls, which would not be encountered in a river environment.

The stem posts of these boats are straight, but the stern curves round and is decorated with a lotus blossom, which is a common motif on Egyptian ships. These, as they wend their way towards the ships, are hatshepsit by natives of Punt, some carrying large logs of ebony, others leading apes, and hagshepsut a giraffe.

Ancient Ships: The Ships of Antiquity

The superimposed hieroglyphic inscription, which extends to some length beyond that of our illustration, states that “Hither come the Great [ones] of Punt, their backs bent, their heads bowed, to receive the soldiers of His Majesty. The team did not have the opportunity to compare the mummies with baboons in Yemen. We are compelled to reject this hypothesis.


More information about text formats. The chief wears a collar of large beads, a small dagger in his belt, and a shentior loin-cloth, of the same fashion as that worn by the Egyptians. This of course could be interpreted as simply a welcome into the temple precinct; and that is how it is normally viewed. The one yet standing is, in fact, the highest in the world; the great obelisk brought from Egypt to Rome in the reign of the Emperor Constantine, and now standing in front of the Church of Saint John Lateran, measuring only one hundred and six feet.

Pythia, The Oracle of Delphi.

Hatshepsut’s expedition to Punt as recorded in Egyptian art

Her Majesty’s fan-bearers, quiver-bearer, sandal-bearer, and grooms with hunting leopards. The queen herself supervised the weighing of the incense and precious metals, and the accompanying inscriptions reads: Both statements are htshepsut by Amon to Hatshepsut, on the occasion of the return of the expedition and the presentation to the god of gifts from Punt.

Box Azusa, CAU.

Here, too, the mysterious products of the Land of Punt found their market; and, being transported from the east coast of Africa to the west coast of Arabia, were brought back to Africa by a circuitous route to the great Egyptian port of Touaou the modern Kosseirwhence the merchants of Coptos conveyed them to Thebes.

First come the troops of the royal household, designated in the inscription as the soldiers of the Per-aaor palace.

Hatshepsut’s Expedition to Punt: Its Purpose and Commemoration

They [the goods] were loaded, in travelling overland, upon asses and upon men, being reloaded into vessels at the harbour of Coptos. However, there is a problem; and it is one the critics were only too eager to seize upon.

Above the tops of the trees is shown a row of sycamore saplings in tubs, with an inscription stating that “thirty and one growing trees of the Ana were taken as marvels of Punt to the holiness of this God [Amen]. Kitchen, “Punt and how to get there”, Orientalia 40— It stands at the far end of a deep bay, or natural amphitheatre, formed by the steep limestone cliffs which divide the Valley of the Tombs of the Kings from the Valley of the Nile.

From Mariette’s Deir-el-Bahari [Page ]. The fishes, it is to be observed, are not the fishes of Egypt, while among them is seen a fine turtle, a cetacean unknown to the waters of the Nile. Apart from this, there is information from the Fifth Dynasty that pharaoh Sahure brought back 80, measures of myrrh from Punt.


This plan required the organization of a fleet of seaworthy sailing ships and a military unit to make the expedition. He is followed by his wife, his two sons, and his daughter, to each of whom is attached a short inscription.

Thence the Phoenicians, hagshepsut Arabs, and the Arameans carried the merchandise of the great trading nations of the East by sea and land to Mesopotamia, to Syria, to Egypt, and hatshelsut the coasts of Asia Minor.

The gold and silver are both of the purest quality. Her legacy is even more monumental in light of the male dominated linage of Egyptian rulers. It expeditino unknown, however, if she received the items she needed by domination or, like many of her ancestors, she saw Punt as similar to a modern shopping center. He wears the same curved beard, and even the close-fitting cap, which was apparently the distinguishing badge of the chiefdom.

The Sarcophagus of King Ahiram spelled also as Ahirom is expeedition incredible monument that was unearthed in Lebanon. The wood of this cartouche is the same as that of the basilisks upon the arms, being very hard and close-grained, and of a expediiton, yellow hue, like boxwood. Prehistory and Protohistory of the Arabian Peninsula. Various measures have been taken to counter the negative effects, with some providing better results than others.

The order in which these harshepsut meet and succeed each other is somewhat confusing. Restoration from a design by M. About years after the establishment of Egyptology as an academic field, there still appears to be no agreement between scholars on the function of the Great Pyramid of Giza.

Some of these bring trays of the Ana gum; others carry large jars, probably filled with gold-dust; others, again, lead apes of the two species indigenous to Punt, i. Egypt was capable of asserting its military power against any enemy if the situation required.

Her features are repulsive, and her cheek is disfigured by two lines of tattooing on either side of the mouth. This is a fine relief of members of Hatshepsut’s trading expedition to the mysterious ‘Land of Punt’ from this pharaoh’s elegant mortuary temple at Deir El-Bahri.

Welcome, my sweet daughter, my favourite…who makes my beautiful monuments, and purifies the throne of the great cycle of the gods for my dwelling-place, as a memorial of her love!