The Prince is a 16th-century political treatise by the Yet Machiavelli is keenly aware of the fact that an earlier pro-republican coup had been thwarted by the people’s. Le Prince de Machiavel Rsum La Philosophie Le Prince doit toujours s attirer la sympathie du peuple et s appuyer sur les puissants Aim et craint la fois, le. Her third husband was the French spy Thomas Pichon. Le Prince de Machiavel Rsum La Philosophie Le Prince doit toujours s attirer la sympathie du peuple et.
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A prince, therefore, should only keep his word when it suits his purposes, but do his utmost to maintain the illusion that he does keep his word and that he is reliable in that regard. External fears are of foreign powers. It machiavl also in direct conflict with the dominant Catholic and scholastic doctrines of the time concerning politics and ethics.
There are two types of great people that might be encountered:.
The Prince – Wikipedia
However, the advice is far from traditional. Therefore, a prince must have the means to force his supporters to keep supporting him even when they start having second thoughts, otherwise he will lose his power.
This became the theme of much future political discourse in Europe during the 17th century. King Ferdinand of Spain is cited by Machiavelli as an example of a monarch who gained esteem by showing his ability through prjnce feats and who, in the name of religion, conquered many territories and kept his subjects occupied so that they had no chance to rebel. So in another break with tradition, he treated not only stability, but also radical innovationas possible aims of a prince in a political community.
Three principal writers took the field against Machiavelli between the publication of his works and their condemnation in and again by the Tridentine Index in This page was last edited on 12 Decemberat The main concern for a prince should be war, or the preparation thereof, not books. Machiavelli claims that Moses killed uncountable numbers of his own people in order to enforce his will. However, he also notes that a prince is also praised for the illusion of being reliable in keeping his word.
Ultimately, the decision should be made by the prince and carried out absolutely. On the other hand, Gilbert shows that another piece of advice in this chapter, to give benefits when it will not appear forced, was traditional. Machiavelli was a proper man and a good citizen; but, being attached to the court of the Medici, he could not help veiling his love of liberty in the midst of his country’s oppression. Machiavelli goes on to say that a prince who obtains power through the support of the nobles has a harder time staying in power than someone who is chosen by the common people; since the former finds himself surrounded by people who consider themselves his equals.
Pope Leo X was pope at the time the book was written and a member of the de Medici family. To Guicciardini for example he wrote concerning the selection of a preacher for Florence, that he would like a hypocritical one, and “I believe that the following would be the true way to go to Paradise: Pole reported that it was spoken of highly by his enemy Thomas Cromwell in England, and had influenced Henry VIII in his turn towards Protestantismand in his tactics, for example during the Pilgrimage of Grace.
It can be summarized as follows: He claims that “being disarmed makes you despised. And indeed he should be so. He should be “armed” with his own arms. Although Hannibal’s army consisted of men of various races, they were never rebellious because they feared their leader.
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Additionally, a prince who does not raise the contempt of the nobles and keeps the people satisfied, Machiavelli assures, should have no fear of conspirators. For intellectual strength, rrsum is advised to study great military men so he may imitate their successes and avoid their mistakes.
He maachiavel Machiavelli of being an atheist and accused politicians of his time by saying that they treated his works as the ” Koran of the courtiers”. Machiavelli also warns against using auxiliary forces, troops borrowed from an ally, because if they win, the employer is under their favor and if they lose, he is ruined.
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Machiavelli mentions that macbiavel fortresses in conquered territories, although it sometimes works, often fails. Founding a wholly new state, or even a new religion, using injustice and immorality has even been called the chief theme of The Prince.
He then explicitly proposes that the Medici are now in a position to try the same thing. Machiavelli compares two great military leaders: Thus they continuously mar their reputations and alienate their people.
The choice of his detestable hero, Caesar Borgiaclearly enough shows his hidden aim; and the contradiction prijce the teaching of the Prince rsu, that of the Discourses on Livy and the History of Florence shows that this profound political thinker has so far been studied only by superficial or corrupt readers.
This chapter directly appeals to the Medici to use what has been summarized in order to conquer Italy using Italian armies, following the advice in the book.
Machiavelli stands strongly against the use of mercenariesand in this he was innovative, and he also had personal experience in Florence. Although it is relatively short, the treatise is the most remembered of Machiavelli’s works and the one most responsible for bringing the word ” Machiavellian ” into usage as a pejorative.