MANSABDARI SYSTEM Discuss the evolution of Mansabdari system under Akbar. The Mansabdari system was introduced by Akbar and as a system and. I must also reiterate that this system wasnt exclusively Akbar’s ‘creation’ as generally believed, it was part of an evolutionary process of administrative reforms. The mansabdari system, introduced by Akbar, is a standout feature of the Mughal administration. Under this system, every officer of the Mughal empire was.
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Mansabdari System in Mughal Administration
Since mansabdars were free to recruit their soldiers as they pleased, they preferred to enroll men of their own tribe, race, religion or region. As the Mughal Empire was in a formative stage, it was involved in a process of continuous conquests and annexations. There were 3 classes of mansabdars:. Akbar gave mansabs to both military and civil officers based on their merit or service to the state.
They were classified into 66 grades, from the rank of 10 to ten thousands 10, constituted. Advantages and Disadvantages The mansabdari system was an improvement over the systems of tribal chieftainship and feudalism; it was a progressive and systematic method adopted by Akbar to re-organize his army within the fold of despotic monarchy.
Write a short note on the Mansabdari system. A mansabdar holding a rank of 5, had to maintain horses, elephants, camels, mules and sysrem.
Thus the military officers were often in a position to appropriate for them a substantial part of the booty. There were no such rules to regulate appointments, promotions and dismissals of the mansabdar.
Organization of Ranks of the Mansabdass: Please login back to continue to your studies. But eventually it did become hereditary. The promotion depends upon the pleasure of the Emperor. Chat with us on WhatsApp. Asked by nagarajpandu 1st January Please log in again!
During Aurangzeb’s reign the number of mansabdars was around or more. In addition to meeting his personal expenses, the mansabdar had to maintain out of his salary a stipulated quota of horses, elephants, camels, mules and carts.
Out syatem mansabdars inthere were 81 zamindars.
Mansabdari System in Mughal Administration
As above-mentioned mansabdars were paid either in cash naqd or in the form of assignments of areas of land jagir out of which they had the entitlement to collect the land revenue and all other taxes through an authority appointed by the emperor. They maintained a very strong and efficient army. The system was developed to create a centralized administrative system as well as creating a large force.
Some great Amirs whose ranks were above 5, were also given the mansavdari of Amir-al Umara Amir of Amirs. Your session has expired for security reasons or you may have logged in from another location. ContinueI understand this browser is not compatible.
Mansabdar – Wikipedia
Please enter the verification code sent to your mobile msnsabdari. Initially the system was not hereditary, a mansab was given to an official on the basis of merit and could be enhanced or lowered. Asked by Topperlearning User 11th February2: The Mansabdars were sub-divided into the following three grades:.
Thus, each rank was exclusive in itself. Remember me on this computer. Apart from their salary, the Mansabdars were paid the cost of their establishment of systrm elephants, horses and camels. We’re sorry, but this browser is not supported by TopperLearning. Though these men were normally aristocrats, yet they could not organise a feudal aristocracy, because neither the offices nor the estates that supported them were earned in heredity.
During the period following Akbar’s reign, the grades were increased up to 20, and rupees per horse was paid to a mansabdar. Wikipedia articles with style issues from September All articles with style issues.
Officers were Liable to transfer. Therefore, if a mansabdar received the rank of sawar he was given rupees one thousand additional allowance. Both civil and military officers held mansabs and were liable to be transferred from one branch of the administration to another.
Enter your valid mobile number below. The mansab or rank mansabdwri designated by dual representation – one by personal rank called zat and the other by qkbar rank akbag sawar. The mansabdars got their salaries from the emperor and paid salaries to their troops by themselves. The mansab was required to maintain the whole Mughal army.
They were not supposed to accumulate their salaries and wealth. The troops raised by the emperor mansabdarii not paid directly by the state and placed under the charge of mansabadars were known as Dakhili. To elaborate it further, a mansabdar was given akbxr one thousand additional allowance if he had received the rank of five hundred sawars. Back to Log in. Difference in the highest mansab: Before Akbar, there was no division of civil and military functions of the state. There were no uniform rules for the systematic training of the soldiers, nor for the conduct of regular drill or physical exercise to keep them fit.
Appointments, Dismissals and promotions of Mansabdars: Akbar introduced a new system for regulating imperial services which was called Mansabdari system. This content is available for subscribed users only. In Akbar’s time, the lowest mansabdar was the commander of 10 and the highest was of 10,